After having experienced a memorable bullet train journey from Beijing to Xi’an, I started my next day with a light breakfast at Bell Tower Hotel in Xi’an. The main highlight of my visit to the rich Chinese cultural city was the Terracotta Warriors. The first thing that I noticed upon reaching the site was a big statue of Emperor Qin Shi Huang. The construction of the Terracotta Army began in 246 B.C as a protection for the tomb of China’s first emperor, Qin Shi Huang. Emperor Qin Shi Huang died in 210 BC. In 206 B.C, the construction was completed. Over 720,000 builders worked for approximately 40 years to complete it. Farmers digging a well first discovered the Terracotta Army to the east of Xi’an in 1974. The discovery had caught the attention of the world and has been described as the Eighth Wonder of the World and one of the greatest discoveries in 20th century in the history of archaeology. The site was named Pit One. In 1976, excavation revealed two further pits, which were named: Pit Two and Pit Three. In 1979, a museum complex was constructed over the excavation site, and the Terracota Army was opened to the public. The year 1987 was a memorable year as UNESCO selected the Tomb of the First Emperor including the Terracota Army as a World Cultural Heritage Site.
Next, I visited the ancient City Wall in Xian, which is one of the best landmarks that I visited in China. The existing wall was started in 1370 under the Ming Dynasty and remained as oldest and best-preserved Chinese city walls. In the past, the wall served as a massive defence system with 13.7 km in circumference, 12 m in height and 15-18 m in thickness. Now, it serves as historical evidence, observing so many changes in the Chinese society. I enjoyed riding the bike at the City Wall on a nice day with a slight drizzle.
Blog post submitted on behalf of Edy the Bear by China Study Tour participants Hai, Kriti, Mukul and Shravan.